SE News

10 JULY 2024

Fabio Torazzi at HYCELTEC 2024 with a poster on H2@TN

Fabio Torazzi presented the poster entitled "Ba Zr0.8 Y0.2 O3" Proton Conductive ceramic: an electrolyte for H2 production at intermidiate temperature" about the results obtained reguarding one of the topic he is currently working on: synthesis and sintering of Yttria-doped BaZrO3 as promising electrolyte for Proton Conductive Electrolytic Cell (PCEC) for green hydrogen production.

Fabio is a PhD student at the University of Trento and FBK, financed by the project "Producing Hydrogen in Trentino (H2@TN)" is a project of the University of Trento and Fondazione Bruno Kessler, financed by the Autonomous Province of Trento.

H2@TN aims to develop innovative technologies for hydrogen production, providing valuable solutions to boost decarbonization and improve the flexibility of energy systems. The project is a concrete step toward realizing the Trentino Green Deal.

In H2@TN project, the team is working on different topic in collaboration with Università degli Studi di Trento. In particular:

The project was born from the necessity to increase the green hydrogen production experience in Trentino region, joining experience of both University of Trento, FBK and companies of the sector.

Fabio reported that "The conference was a first experience for me, and I tried to bring home as much as possible: productive discussion about the topic, interesting networking, important new knowledge". Well done!

More information on the conference:

More information on the project: 

9 JULY 2024

Elena Crespi and William G. Morais at the MST Days

Every year the Doctoral Program in Materials Science and Technology of the University of Padova organises the MST Days. The event aims to promote research activities, networking and career development of the PhD students. 

This year the MST Day took place on the 3rd of July 2024 and the Center for Sustainable Energy of Fondazione Bruno Kessler was invited to participate.

Elena Crespi and William Gomes de Morais were invited to participate and to represent the Center SE.

Following a general presentation of Fondazione Bruno Kessler and the activities done within the Center SE, the researchers focused on the two Research Unit:

During the presentation, some concrete examples of ongoing research projects were also introduced. This gave the opportunity to the PhD students to understand how the skills they are developing in their studies can be applied in industrial-oriented research projects.

Have a look at the programme: at this link.

8 JULY 2024

Emanuele de Bona presents Hy-SPIRE at HYCELTEC 2024

Our Emanuele de Bona attended the IX Symposium on Hydrogen, Fuel Cells and Advanced Batteries (HYCELTEC 2024) during the first week of July 2024, in Milazzo (Sicily, Italy).

This conference was a great opportunity to meet many key actors in the field of H2 production and renewable energies. The contributions were divided into 3 sessions, where the speakers shared the latest progress in their respective fields. General discussion and exchange among the different fields were fostered by the plenaries and the mixed poster session. The presence of some well known sponsors allowed also an update on their newest technologies and their possible application in the daily research work.

Emanuele was selected as oral contributor in the fuel cell session, where he gave the presentation entitled "Symmetric electrolyte-supported solid oxide electrolyser cell for green H2 production", which reported the development of the test bench for single SOECs testing in the FBK laboratories.

The presentation was done in the context of Hy-SPIRE project where the Center SE leads the Work Package 4, therefore managing the activities of communication, dissemination and exploitation, and providing a techno-economic analyses supported by life cycle assessment (LCA) addressing the recycling and end-of-life scenarios for the developed technology. During the project, FBK will also be in charge of the testing of the stack and the development of dedicated protocols and procedures for the testing activity on novel SOE stack based on metal and electrode supported cells

More information on the project: 

More information on the conference:

4 JULY 2024

New scientific articles has been published!

The researchers Francesco Ghionda, Alessandro Sartori, Zijie Liu and Diego Viesi have just published a scientific publication on the International Journal of Sustainable Energy Planning and Management

The article is entitled "Optimizing the Integration of Renewable Energy Sources, Energy Efficiency, and Flexibility Solutions in a Multi-network Pharmaceutical Industry" and is related to the project FLEXIndustries, where FBK-SE collaborates with and support the demo leader, the company SUANFARMA. The technology providers HiRef S.p.A. and Midac SpA collaborates in the Italian demo of this EU project.


In the contemporary landscape, roughly one-fourth of worldwide carbon dioxide emissions stem from industrial energy usage. In the industrial sector, improving the efficient and flexible coupling among different energy demands (electricity, heating, and cooling) and exploiting the integration of  Renewable  Energy  Sources  (RESs)  and  waste  heat  can  lead  to  a  drastic  reduction  in  CO2 emissions, which are also the goals of the EU founded Horizon Europe FLEXIndustries project.

This  study  aims  to  establish  a  cost-optimized  decarbonization  strategy  for  an  energy-intensive industry, focusing on an Italian pharmaceutical company. It delves into the exploration of potential pathways  and  diverse  energy  mix  configurations.  The  approach  undertaken  involves  coupling  a customized  energy  system  simulation  framework,  specifically  designed  for  the industrial  site, with a Multi-Objective Evolutionary Algorithm (MOEA). The study, conducted with a focus on the year 2024, involves a comparative analysis of three distinct scenarios. Within the intricate and challenging constraints of the industrial demo site, 13 technologies are investigated. The outcomes of each scenario reveal a set of Pareto optimal solutions, which are thoroughly analyzed to discern the evolution of the energy mix along the Pareto front. These results shed light on the compelling potential of hybrid solutions, showcasing the feasibility of achieving substantial decarbonization with only moderate increases in costs. The availability of land for RES technologies, along with the existence of a biomass supply chain in the region, emerge as pivotal determinants.

Read the article in Open Access at the following link: 

Read more about FLEXIndustries:


3 JULY 2024

Edoardo Macchi and Mattia Duranti at IFBF2024

Edoardo G. Macchi and Mattia Duranti participated in the International Flow Battery Forum  (IFBF2024) in Glasgow, Scotland. 

IFBF is the leading worldwide event for the flow battery community where, every year, experts present the most recent and cutting-edge developments on the flow battery technology. Scientific and business-oriented topics are showcased in a blend of competences heading toward the confirmation of this technology as a major player among electrical energy storage systems

From 25 to 27 June 2024, our researchers had the opportunity to discuss the latest innovations, policy updates and market challenges for the flow battery sector, as well as the possibility to participate in the extraordinary site visit to Invinity Energy Systems manufacturing site.

Our researcher Mattia Duranti had the opportunity to present a poster entitled "Debate on Safe, Sustainable and Abundant Inorganic Electrolytes for Redox Flow Batteries", where he reviewed promising alternatives to the Vanadium electrolytes commonly employed in the mainstream systems, with a special attention to safety, affordability and sustainability.

More information: 

More information on IFBF2024: 

2 JULY 2024

Edoardo Macchi invited at the Batteries Europe workshop

Batteries Europe and BEPA have recently released five Position Papers in 2024 that shed light on critical aspects of the battery industry. These papers represent a collaborative effort to address critical challenges and opportunities in the battery sector. The topics covered include Education and Skills, Sustainability, Safety, Social sciences and Humanities, Digitalisation and Hybridisation. 

Our Head of Batteries and Electrification Unit Edoardo G. Macchi is among the leading authors of the position paper of the Safety Task Force. The paper was published in April 2024.

Last June 18, Batteries Europe organised an online workshop to disseminate the papers. Edoardo Macchi was invited to speak about safety issues in Redox Flow Batteries and participate in the panel session "New approaches to develop enhances safety materials, cells and battery systems". 

Batteries Europe is a European Technology and Innovation platform connecting and supporting research and innovation stakeholders across the entire European Battery Value chain. 

More information on the position papers: 

Direct link to Safety Position Paper: 

Photo taken from this link.

1 JULY 2024

Matteo Testi invited as panelist in AMETHyST Exchange program

On the 13th June 2024, Matteo Testi participated in a roundtable on policies and best practices for the deployment of hydrogen applications organized in the context of the third Exchange Program of the AMETHyST project.

The panel moderated by Maren Mayer (Klima Haus) saw the participation of:

The experts discussed the main barriers to implementation and perspectives on the stationary use of hydrogen in the building sector.

The panel was part of a bigger event for companies, public authorities, and experts which was held in South Tyrol, Italy, at the headquarters and assembly lines of the innovative company GKN Hydrogen.

The 26 participants from Italy, Austria, Germany, and Slovenia visited GKN Hydrogen to learn about the company’s state-of-the-art hydrogen storage technology. They also toured the nearby farm and tourist accommodation “Arieshof,” where one such storage solution is in operation, aiming to provide maximum energy autonomy.

More information:

28 JUNE 2024

Luigi Crema in Storo to speake about energy in the future

One week ago, our Director Luigi Crema was invited as speaker in the event "L'ENERGIA NEL FUTURO: CONOSCERE PER PRODURRE, USARE E TRASFORMARE [Energy in the future: knowledge to produce, use and transform]", which took place in Storo hosted by Agri'90.

More than 100 entrepreneurs and professionals participated in the event focused on the sustainability of the energy market.

Luigi Crema firstly made a presentation about the context, vision and macro-trend of the energy market, then outlined to the participants the new technologies that will have an impact in the production, discribution and energy storage policies. 

This event is part of a series of meetings and initiatives called "InAgenda" organised by La Cassa Rurale Adamello Giudicarie Valsabbia Paganella for local companies to raise their awareness on the sustainable developments goals and the ESG criteria, and to provide them with tools to start or continue a sustainable path.

La Cassa Rurale is a bank of the Gruppo Bancario Cooperativo Cassa Centrale Banca and, among other activities, organises initiatives to favour exchanges of experiences, ideas and best practices on the territory. 

More information and the agenda on: 

26 JUNE 2024

Emanuele Maria Groiss at the 37th Topical Meeting of the International Society of Electrochemistry

On the second week of June 2024, the 37th Topical Meeting of the International Society of Electrochemistry took place in Stresa (Italy) where experts meets "to discuss the latest developments in materials and related electrochemical results and applications in strategic sectors such as local energy distribution, automotive, smart grids and electrical network load management, trying to push the state of the art of novel electrochemical processes to a new advanced level".

Emanuele Maria Groiss participated in the event with an oral presentation entitled "Iron hydrolysis suppression by glycine addition in concentrated iron electrolyte for aqueous Redox Flow Batteries" in the session Beyond Lithium, new chemistries and approaches.

Emanuele is 1 year PhD student in "Materials, mechatronics and systems engineering" at the Industrial Engineering dept. of the University of Trento with focus on materials for energy and sustainable development. Emanuele works on iron-based Redox Flow Batteries at the Centre for Sustainable Energy in Fondazione Bruno Kessler (FBK). His thesis aims to investigate the employability of low-cost, low-impact, abundant materials to produce valuable inorganic aqueous electrolytes for RFBs. We approach the challenge of energy storage diversification focusing on the materials' sustainable design for possible long-term, high-volume, stationary energy storage RFBs.


Redox Flow Batteries (RFB) are flexible electrochemical energy storage systems relying on a wide landscape of chemistries with low environmental impact. With the possibility to employ abundant and cheap materials they can alleviate the demand for critical raw materials (CRMs), resulting in one of the most promising technologies for long duration energy storage (LDES) [1]. In this work, possible electrolytes for Fe-based RFB at acidic pH were studied approaching the problem of iron hydrolysis through the modification of the electrolyte via Glycine addition. In fact, the dissolution of iron salts in aqueous solution with pH>2 results in the formation of insoluble iron hydroxides [2]. This causes the loss of electroactive species from the electrolyte, resulting in a loss of battery capacity. Glycine was added as ligand with concentrations up to 4 mol/l to bind with iron ions at various Glycine-iron molar ratios at pH 0-3 in concentrated solutions of FeCl2 and FeCl3. The proportion of Fe(II) and Fe(III) was properly tuned between 0 and 2 mol/l to explore the analogous of what would be the State of Charge (SoC) of a possible cell using this electrolyte as catholyte. The best electrolyte preparation method is presented, evaluating the pH and the preparation temperature, since the latter showed an impact in the acceleration of the Glycine-iron complexation reaction. Physic-chemical characterization of the electrolytes was performed by evaluating the ionic conductivity, kinematic viscosity, and density. Furthermore, cyclic voltammetries with a glassy carbon RDE were performed in a three-electrode cell both in static and rotating conditions. Based on these measurements, the diffusion coefficients of the iron ions and their diffusion layer thickness on the electrode-electrolyte interface were deduced by employing Levich and Cottrell equations. In a purely activation-controlled regime, equilibrium potentials and reaction rate constants were obtained applying the Koutecky-Levich analysis, which is well suited for solutions with nonnegligible viscosity. With an equilibrium potential of 0.650 V vs. SHE, the 2:2 Glycine-iron molar ratio appears to be the most suitable catholyte composition for the FeCl2 and FeCl3 system with excellent suppression of iron hydrolysis as no precipitation is observed after more than eight months.


Emanuele Maria Groiss, Mattia Duranti, Michele Fedel, William Gomes de Morais, Edoardo Gino Macchi. 

Have a look at the programme: 

Link to the abstract: 

24 JUNE 2024

FBK SE at the Second Italian Workshop on Ammonia Energy

The event hosted by the Politecnico di Bari took place on the 5th and 6th of June 2024, and was organised by the Italian Section of The Combustion Institute and the Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche – Istituto di Scienze e Tecnologie per l’Energia e la Mobilità Sostenibili (CNR-STEMS).

As reported in the brochure of the workshop, Ammonia Energy is emerging as a key topic towards the decarbonization of power, heat and transportation sectors. However, “ammonia economy” still presents many open issues, spanning from ammonia synthesis to utilization, before its deployment at different scales. In this context this event provides a unique opportunity where academics, SMEs and Industrial companies can profitably discuss the future of ammonia energy. The forum represents a tangible opportunity to share actors’ needs and expertise, towards the definition of common strategies to develop the role of Ammonia as a key player in the future of green fuels.

Workshop participants had the opportunity to proactively analyze ammonia energy peculiarities and define possible concrete roadmaps through their participation in round-table discussions and with their own contributions for oral presentations.

Our Head of HyRES Unit Matteo Testi outlined how direct ammonia fuel cells (DAFCs) are a promising technology for clean energy generation due to ammonia’s advantages as a hydrogen carrier, summarizing the state of DAFC research, highlighting progress in experimental activities in the framework of European and national projects. The presentation was done in the context of the AMON Project. 

More information

19 JUNE 2024


Our researchers Elena Crespi, Mattia Duranti and Sara Stemberger are among the future FBK Science Ambassador!

The project aims to enhance the people and the current topics of our Research in line with FBK's Talent Program Hundreds of young researchers, innovators and PhD students are involved in research and higher education projects at Fondazione Bruno Kessler each year. 

Human capital enhancement has always been one of FBK’s main goals, and to better meet this need, several initiatives have been launched, including the upcoming Talent Program. This program aims to uncover the potential and maximize the skills of each talent by offering individual experiential learning pathways linked to their respective professional vocations.

To ensure the success of such initiatives, it is crucial to effectively convey innovations, research and technology advances to people and society. In this context, the quality of science communication plays a critical role. This is why the FBK Science Ambassador project, a high-level training course on science communication topics for 25 young FBK talents, was created.

Monday, June 10, 2024, at FBK’s Povo site, the 25 ambassadors together with the centers’ scientific management met for the project’s kick-off, that featured an opening motivational speech by FBK President Ferruccio Resta.

The future Ambassadors, 12 female and 13 male with an average age of less than 35 years and from the different centers of the Foundation, presented their backgrounds and research interests, along with expectations about the educational path for their careers.

The aim of the project is to train talented researchers who can become true ambassadors of Fondazione Bruno Kessler’s research, spreading the results and value with clarity, passion and enthusiasm,” President Ferruccio Resta said. “Science communication is key to making science accessible to all, but it brings with it delicate challenges.  We need to find the perfect balance between rigor and clarity, between precision and involvement.”

The actual training will start in September, that during the first edition will give the talents participating in the project the opportunity to delve into modules inherent to science communication, the creation of effective content, and the enhancement of written, oral, and multi-channel communication.

The 25 Science Ambassadors, upon completion of the training, will have the opportunity to put the acquired knowledge into practice and present themselves at events and outreach initiatives as FBK voices.

Read the press release in Italian: 

17 JUNE 2024

Two FBK-SE Projects among the 100 Italian Renewable Energy Stories

We are speaking of AMON and COMMUNITAS, two European projects that see the involvement of the Center for Sustainable Energy of FBK.

The goal of the AMON project, in which FBK coordinates the 13 participating partners, is to use ammonia as an energy carrier in a solid oxide cell system, i.e. to convert the chemical energy of ammonia into electrical energy, with a conversion yield of up to 70% and in a process free of CO2 emissions.

Creating new communities in which citizens are the protagonists of the energy transition path: this is the goal of COMMUNITAS, a European project that provides users with the technological infrastructure necessary to be able to determine when and how much energy to feed into the system, becoming active players in the energy market.

The two projects are described in the report 100 Italian Renewable Energy Stories promoted by Symbola - Fondazione per le qualità italiane, Enel Group and KEY - The Energy Transition Expo.

Link to the report:

More information on AMON Project:

More information on COMMUNITAS Project: 


Due progetti FBK tra le 100 Italian Renewable Energy Stories

Si tratta di AMON e COMMUNITAS, due progetti di ricerca europea in cui collabora il centro FBK-SE - The Centre for Sustainable Energy.

Obbiettivo del progetto AMON, in cui FBK coordina i 13 partner partecipanti, è utilizzare l’ammoniaca come vettore energetico in un sistema di celle a ossidi solidi, ovvero convertire l’energia chimica dell’ammoniaca in energia elettrica, con una resa di conversione fino al 70% ed in un processo privo di emissioni di CO2.

Realizzare nuove comunità in cui i cittadini sono protagonisti del percorso di transizione energetica: questo l’obbiettivo di COMMUNITAS, progetto europeo che mette a disposizione degli utenti l’infrastruttura tecnologica necessaria per poter stabilire quando e quanta energia immettere nel sistema, diventando player attivi nel mercato energetico.

I due progetti sono raccontanti nel rapporto 100 Italian Renewable Energy Stories promosso da Symbola - Fondazione per le qualità italiane, Enel Group e KEY - The Energy Transition Expo.

Link al report:

Maggiori informazioni sul progetto AMON:

Maggiori informazioni sul progetto COMMUNITAS: 

14 JUNE 2024


Luigi Crema, director of the Center for Sustainable Energy at Fondazione Bruno Kessler, has been reappointed as president of Hydrogen Europe Research (HER), Europe’s leading hydrogen research organization. The appointment of the president and new board took place in Budapest today Thursday, June 13, at HER’s General Assembly.

Hydrogen Europe Research, composed of more than 150 international universities and research centers, is a member of the Clean Hydrogen Partnership-along with the European Commission and Hydrogen Europe for the industrial sector: the main objective is to contribute to the Green Deal and the European hydrogen strategy by supporting research and innovation activities.

Luigi Crema, who has held the role of HER president since January 2023, commented on the appointment that officially took place this morning with thede words: “I’ll continue with great enthusiasm and motivation my activity as President of Hydrogen Europe Research, a role that allows to affect policies supporting European hydrogen research. This is also a significant achievement for the national context, as well as for FBK’s visibility at the European and global level

This role enables participation on the Governing Boards of the Clean Hydrogen Partnership, now halfway through its program, as the sole research delegate, along with Hydrogen Europe’s three representatives from the European Commission and five from industry. New working groups are gathering important information to identify priorities for the future partnership for the 10th Framework Program, one of HER’s upcoming relevant goals.  In our proposal, research and innovation will have a well-defined role in a European strategy that will take into account three different areas, which it is important to consider in a united vision: improving competitiveness, supporting industrialization, and a framework for market building.

Also on the new board is Viviana Cigolotti – Head of Division of Technologies and Vectors for Decarbonization at ENEA – who with CNR and Fondazione Bruno Kessler has a collaboration agreement for hydrogen research – and who, at HER, will play the role of technical committee leader of TC4 – hydrogen end uses for stationary and industrial applications.

Read the press release in Italian: 

10 JUNE 2024

Fiera di Primiero hosted international experts on Energy Communities

Experts from the eighteen partners of the European Horizon Europe COMMUNITAS project met in Fiera di Primiero for three days of meetings on the topic of energy communities, from June 5th to 7th. The first two days were held behind closed doors to analyze the progress of the project activities as well as the next steps in implementation at the demonstrator sites, including the Primiero Valley. 

On Friday morning, a community event was held in collaboration with the European project LIFE ECOEMPOWER, coordinated by the Center for Sustainable Energy of FBK, on the topic of social participation in energy communities. Speakers at the event included Debora Cilio from RSE, Massimo Plazzer from APRIE (Province of Trento), Isacco Corradi from the Trentino energy community Green Land, Simone Canteri from the Azienda Consorziale Servizi Municipalizzati (ACSM S.p.A), and Roberto Pradel, president of the Primiero Community. 

Additionally, workshops involving active public participation were organized during the morning. The first workshop focused on the ideation of solutions and activities aimed at social engagement of citizens in the development of energy communities, while the second workshop addressed regulatory contexts and governance, involving participants in defining cooperation strategies for optimizing economies of scale. 

The Primiero Valley in Trentino is one of the eight European pilot sites involved through ACSM S.p.A., which has always been committed to the production, distribution, and sale of electricity and heat from renewable energy sources, specifically through hydroelectric plants and wood biomass district heating plants. 

COMMUNITAS (operating for three years, from 2023 to 2026) is supporting the creation, operation, and expansion of energy communities at the European level, while also leading a paradigm shift to make citizens central elements of energy markets. To achieve this goal, the project supports eight pilot sites across Europe. In particular, the project is developing a Knowledge Base that will provide users with technical, administrative, and legal information about energy communities, simplifying the creation and expansion of this concept. COMMUNITAS is also creating a series of innovative tools – leveraging technologies such as IoT, Blockchain, and Cloud Computing – to unlock active citizen participation in energy markets and communities. 

ECOEMPOWER (operating for three years, from 2023 to 2026) is working on creating regional One Stop Shops in the five partner regions of the project: Trentino in Italy, Central Greece in Greece, Prague in the Czech Republic, Allgau in Germany, and Rhone Alps in France. Additionally, the project is developing a series of tools (technical, economic, social) for energy communities, which are being tested in the field on 15 selected pilot sites in the project regions. 

Read the press release in Italian, at this link.

Nienke Homan (CEO of Impact Hydrogen) and Luigi Crema (Director of FBK-SE Center) at the event.

4 JUNE 2024

Luigi Crema at JUST-GREEN AFRH2ICA Stakeholders' Event

JUST GREEN AFRH2ICA is a Clean Hydrogen Partnership project that aims to develop a Green Hydrogen Just Transition Roadmap that would make African-European transition pathways to H2 synergic, sustainable and avoiding any “Africa hydrogen colonization”, but promoting a mutual benefit collaboration of the two continents towards the development of independent and collaborative hydrogen economies, R&D ecosystem and value chains.

Africa has a unique potential to exploit low cost renewable energy to produce green hydrogen for domestic and external markets. Green Hydrogen could become indeed the booster of a sustainable development of the continent, enabling African countries to reduce their environmental impact as well as to make them less dependent to fossil fuels which can create geopolitical issues too. African green hydrogen development could be helpful for European hydrogen transition, that’s why it’s important that both EU and AU hydrogen policies and development roadmaps are conceived in a cross-fertilizing way.

On May 28, the project organised in Genoa (Italy) a Stakeholder event where local and national authorities discussed with stakeholders from the private sector on the importance of a strategy for the collaboration between Italy, Europe and Africa when creating a hydrogen market. 

The first session entitled "Italy as protagonist in Green Hydrogen Transition in EU/AU and the role of green hydrogen in Italian Piano Mattei" delved into the impact of the Italian Piano Mattei and the abundant opportunities for hydrogen ventures bridging Italy and Africa. In this occasion, Luigi Crema spoke about the green hydrogen production projects in Italy and the national roadmap. 

The second session will be dedicated to real experiences of hydrogen experts from industries already engaged both in Europe and Africa.

More on the project:

More on the event: 

29 MAY 2024

ReBuild 2024: Hydrogen an opportunity for Italy 

ReBuild is the event dedicated to sustainable innovation in the built environment which this year reaches its tenth edition. It took place at the Congress Center of Riva del Garda on 14 and 15 May 2024.

The Director of the Center SE Luigi Crema participated in the panel 'New models for the energy transition: green sharing scenarios', held during of the first day of ReBuild - Meeting the next built environment. 

As reported in the article of AdnKronos (below), Luigi Crema outlined how Italy has an industrial sector that can potentially be involved in the hydrogen sector in a positive way, with many areas of the supply chain, components and systems from various industrial sectors that can be reconverted to produce similar components and systems within the hydrogen supply chain. 

However, the SE Director reported that there are still several gaps to be filled in which include authorization processes and incentives for the sector and tools that create a more accessible market framework should be available to operators interested in the development of this supply chain.

Furthermore, in teh article Luigi Crema outlined how Italy can constitute the southern energy supply corridor hydrogen for the European creating an infrastructure that will participate in the European Hydrogen Backbone, i.e. the hydrogen transport framework throughout Europe, which by 2040 will provide for the development of 60,000 kilometers of hydrogen network hydrogen in Europe. 

Read the article in Italian:

Read the report: at this link. 

28 MAY 2024

Luigi Crema speaks about European research on hydrogen

During the forth week of May, IMDEA Energy has organised together with the Universidad Rey Juan Carlos the Spring School of the SH2EProject and eGHOSTProject.

The event aimed to showcase and train in new tools and technical developments around the hydrogen economy as a basis for achieving a decarbonised society in 2050, including environmental, economic and social aspects to ensure sustainability in its broadest concept.

Along with its technical development, it is important to ensure its sustainability in its broadest concept, including environmental, economic and social aspects. 

During the School, the guidelines proposed in SH2E for harmonized life cycle assessment, life cycle costing, social life cycle assessment and its combination in life cycle sustainability assessment were presented as well as the criticality indicator proposed in the project and the SH2E software tool to support these guidelines will be explained. 

The School also focused on the eco-design of hydrogen systems following the guidelines developed in the eGHOST project, the first European project on the sustainable-by-design of hydrogen technologies. The methodology and guidelines developed in the project are the basis for the corresponding lectures. As a complement, some of Europe’s most important researchers will present the current and future state of hydrogen research and technologies.

To this end, some of Europe's leading researchers presented the current and future state of hydrogen research and technologies.

Following a practical eco-design workshop, our Director adn President of Hydrogen Europe Research Luigi Crema, presented the research activities on hydrogen that are taking place in Europe.

More information at this link: 

27 MAY 2024

Hydrogen-powered snow groomers: FBK visited Prinoth in Vipiteno

On the 21st of May 2024, our researcher Eleonora Cordioli was in Vipiteno to visit the manufacturing site of Prinoth, together with APE FVG - the Energy Agency for Friuli Venezia Giulia, PromoTurismoFVG and Funivie Madonna di Campiglio.

Prinoth Group is specialized in producing heavy equipment for challenging conditions and their machines are designed for specific purposes, whether moving earth, grooming snow or managing vegetation.

The company guided the guests through a visit and showed the prototypes of hydrogen-powered snow groomers, that the company is developing. 

FBK and APE FVG - partners in the AMETHySt project - together with Funivie Madonna di Campiglio and PromoTurismoFVG - which are involved in the project's pilot studies, are interested in understanding the potential and feasibility of implementing hydrogen-powered snow groomers in ski areas. 

Interreg Alpine Space AMETHyST project supports the deployment of local alpine green hydrogen ecosystems, with a focus on tourist areas.  Designing and testing support services to roll out green H2 solutions in areas with high potential, the project aims at reinforcing the role of public authorities by raising their awareness on hydrogen and its importance in the decarbonisation of these territories. 

24 MAY 2024

Luigi Crema as panelist at Festival dell'Economia.

On Thursday 24 May 2024, Fondazione Caritro hosted the panel entitled "ALLA RICERCA DELL’EQUILIBRIO TRA ECONOMIA, ENERGIA ED AMBIENTE [The Pursuit of balance among economy, energy and environment]" moderated by Silvia Di Rosa, President of the Engineers Association of Trento Province.


In the introductory speech, Silvia di Rosa outlined of the energy global situation underlining that "There is not a General Manager of mankind, every country should do its part in compliance with rules. The production of energy is still the main responsible of greenhouse gases, this is the reason why the panel focuses on energy topic. We need to remember that there are no single solutions, we need to think of a paradigm of combined solutions. Energy transition comes with a cost, and there is a delicate balance among society, territory and envirnment".

Massimo Beccarello gave the audience an overview of energy economic framework in Italy and in the world, and outlined the trends of the renewable sources in the EU with a focus on the future.

Beccarello underlined that the become independent in the field of energy is a challenge for the EU considering that the vast majority of raw materials comes from China and Asia. There is the need for an EU strategy to develop the industrial production capacity.

Dina Lanzi offered an techno-economic assessment of the European energy market and defined the potential new alternatives that can support us in the energy transition and in reaching the zero-emissions target within 2050. Technologies that helps reaching the decarbonisation are numerous with different development perspectives, and can be divided in two main categories: (i) technologies with the objective of producing without CO2 emission, and (ii) technologies that capture the CO2. Not all the sectors are good for both technologies and depending on the sector where these technologies are located, there are different cost perspectives. Dina Lanzi underlined that there is not a single solution but there are numerous variables to be taken into consideration, and policies play an important role.

Emanuele Martinolli gave an European and global overview of the nuclear energy before stepping in its role in the energy transition. Globally, nuclear is the second electricity source with low CO2 emission following hydroelectric. There are 400 reactors in the world and in Europe there are 150, where almost all countries have nuclear reactors. France is strongly contributing to Green Deal objectives as this country thanks to the nuclear production.

Luigi Crema was asked to explain the role of hydrogen in the energy transition and the necessary actions from the industrial supply chain to support the transition. Luigi outlined how hydrogen has become a global phenomena creating a "H2 geopolitic". 75 million of hydrogen are currently used each year in the world and it mainly comes from fossil fuels. Hydrogen is a energy vector easy to be transported and can create energy. There is a strong industry of hydrogen in Europe and it represent a entire supply chain. The EU considers H2 a strategic industrial asset and aims at entering in a global situation where there are huge projects going on to create hydrogen, base on renewable energy. Two approaches are being used by the EU to strengthen the hydrogen production: (i) top-down through policies, incentives and realisation of infrastructure, and (ii) bottom-up through the creation of projects from small to large such as hydrogen valley. There is the need to combine three assets to develop this sector: competitiveness, industrialisation and market creation.
Locally, the Autonomous Province of Trento is going in this direction through the creation of the new Center for Sustainable Energy in Rovereto on a relevant scale, where FBK will validate technologies for the industrial sector. This is combined with the support of Trentino Sviluppo to realise a local industrial ecosystem, where lots of companies have already started to locate assets. An example is UFI Group, with the realisation of UFI Hydrogen that will create a manufacturing site which is promising in the field of electrolysers. There are also other companies such as SolydEra and Tormene. 

Watch the panel in streaming (Italian): 

More information: 

Press release of FBK: 

20 MAY 2024

A novel flexible solution validated using a reversible Solid Oxide system: Smart Ways for In-Situ Totally integrated and Continuous Multisource Generation of Hydrogen (SWITCH project)

On the 31st of March 2024, the consortium partners brought the curtain down on SWITCH, an innovative project focused on the development and validation of an in-situ fully integrated and continuous multisource hydrogen production system. This European project was funded by the Clean Hydrogen Partnership and implemented by seven interdisciplinary organisations from across Europe led by Fondazione Bruno Kessler since it began in 2019.

One of the key principles of the EU Green Deal is to ensure a secure and affordable EU energy supply. Hydrogen generation is aiming to support the growth of clean and low carbon energy systems and their diffusion in order to have a fully decarbonized society. 

At present, unfortunately, the large majority of hydrogen is produced from natural gas and oil, resulting in the co-production of CO2, a significant greenhouse gas. The remaining hydrogen is generated through electrolysis, although the majority of this production relies on non-renewable sources.

The European research project SWITCH attempted to tackle these challenges. During four years of intense research and collaboration, the consortium succeeded in different directions by creating a system that accommodates the intermittency of renewable energy by being able to rapidly switch between electrolysis and fuel cell operation modes. Furthermore, the flexibility of the system is a big added value as it allows to use distinct energy carriers, the connections to the grid as it ranges from the production to the consumption of energy with a focus on mobility due to its reversibility. 

The project provided a robust baseline from which to start further system development through the creation of demo sites.

The SWITCH project has successfully concluded, leaving behind a lasting legacy in the field of sustainable energy production that will be felt for the years to come. The project's groundbreaking achievement lies in the development of a novel hydrogen production system that leverages solid oxide cell technology” reports the Project Coordinator Matteo Testi – Head of HyRES Unit at the Center for Sustainable Energy of FBK.This system surpasses traditional hydrogen production methods in terms of efficiency, cost-effectiveness and environmental friendliness, heralding a potential revolution in the way we produce and utilize hydrogen. SWITCH represents a major leap forward in the journey towards a clean hydrogen economy, promising reduced emissions, enhanced energy security and a more sustainable future. The project's significant contribution to the development of a low-carbon future has been duly recognized on the international stage. SWITCH was recently bestowed with the prestigious Energy Globe Award 2023 for Italy, a testament to its remarkable impact in the fight against climate change and its potential to create a real difference in the world. The SWITCH project's success serves as an inspiration, showcasing the potential of innovation and collaboration to drive positive change and propel us towards a cleaner, brighter future”.

On May 15th, SWITCH held the final event “Hydrogen production and the society decarbonisation: SWITCH contribution to continuous energy supply and creation of flexible and interconnected energy systems grids”.

Read the entire press release (English), download the presentations and photos at this link: 

Download the press release in Italian: 

16 MAY 2024

Sole 24 Ore: Eleonora Cordioli interviewed about AMETHyST 

Italy, France, Austria, Switzerland, Slovenia and Germany together for the development of hydrogen in the Alpine valleys. The Alps divide European countries, but at the same time unite them in terms of lifestyles and objectives. This is where the AMETHyST project was born with the objective of supporting the development of local green hydrogen ecosystems in the Alpine territory. 

Eleonora Cordioli, researcher at Fondazione Bruno Kessler, explains the steps done so far in the project and briefly outlines the research done to define the key role that hydrogen can play in Alpine territories with a strong tourist vocation. The researcher underlines the fundamental role of the networking created among partners of different European countries as well as with possible key stakeholders and users from industrial sectors and public authorities.
What are the next steps? The project is currently working on creating pilot sites that will allow preliminary economic feasibility assessment of hydrogen ecosystems, to foster the application of hydrogen in Alpine territories. 

Listen to the interview "The Alps as cradles of hydrogen valleys [Le Alpi culla delle valli dell'idrogeno d'Europa]" (in Italian) here: 

The interview is part of the project Energy for Future. We thank Il Sole 24 ORE and Osservatorio Balcani e Caucaso transeuropa for the opportunity!

15 MAY 2024

Luigi Crema live on Radio 24

Luigi Crema, Director of the Center SE, has been interviewed by Maurizio Melis of Radio 24 with regards to the "Gap of hydrogen".

The first episode was broadcasted on May 8.


"The road to the hydrogen economy is not an easy one. In fact, there are still many unknowns surrounding this energy vector, ideal for the environment from a chemical point of view, but complicated from a logistical one. Above all, it is expensive, as demonstrated by a study carried out by the Sustainable Energy Center of the Bruno Kessler Foundation, according to which the combined arrangement of a supply chain based on European technologies and Italian energy costs would require, to make it economically sustainable, an incentive varying between 8 and 15 euro per kilogram of hydrogen. A cost gap that is decidedly too high, even though completely opposite signals are coming from European countries such as Spain and Portugal, with the first hydrogen auctions ending with subsidies of a few cents of euros."

Listen the first episode at this link (in Italian).

The second episode was broadcasted on May 9

"A study by the Sustainable Energy Center of the Bruno Kessler Foundation has estimated the cost gap between green hydrogen and what would replace it. This is a good indicator of how far there is still to go to reach a state of competitiveness. And, as we heard in the previous episode, this is still a long road, especially in the hypothesis of a supply chain based on European technologies and Italian energy costs. How realistic is it, therefore, that this gap will narrow? And under what conditions?

Listen the second episode at this link (in Italian).

14 MAY 2024

The social impact of Renewable Energy Communities

On May 8, the FBK Project Manager Cinzia Morisco was in Milan to take part in the workshop organized by the company Ricerca sul Sistema Energetico - RSE Spa on the social impact of Renewable Energy Communities within the ECOEMPOWER Project.

Cinzia, the Project Coordinator, presented ECOEMPOWER focusing on the efforts that are being made on building the indicators for social impact. 

These indicators will be soon measured in the 15 pilot cases spread around Europe.

Several experts from the Italian landascape as well as Vincenzo D'Andrea and Letizia Zampino from the project partner University of Trento participated in the event fostering the discussion on how to build a methodology for measuring the social effects of the RECs. 

More information on the project:

Programme, at this link.

13 MAY 2024

AMETHyST 3rd Newsletter

In the newsletter you will find a lot of news, events, findings, key points and achieved results in it.

The Newsletter #3 contains information on

During the first week of April, Eleonora Cordioli, Ilaria Alberti and Sara Stemberger from the Center for Sustainable Energy of FBK participated in the project meeting hosted in Ljubljana by the Slovenian partner ENERGAP.

Our researcher Eleonora Cordioli and Jacopo de Maigret gave an insight into the first results of the Alpine Space Project AMETHyST. The first report shows the current status of hydrogen in the Alpine region. The second report illustrates the spatial distribution of applications using a mapbased representation.

AMETHyST is an Interreg Alpine Space project that supports the deployment of local alpine green hydrogen ecosystems, with a focus on tourist areas. Designing and testing support services to roll out green H2 solutions in areas with high potential, the project aims at reinforces the role of public authorities by increasing their capacity.

Click here to download the Newsletter #3: 

Interview to Cordioli and de Maigret:

7 MAY 2024

Fondazione NEST launches the Entrepreneurship School

Fondazione NEST - Network 4 Energy Sustainable Transition and the incubator of the Politecnico di Bari, BINP - Boosting Innovation in Poliba organize a learning path dedicated to doctoral students of any disciplinary sector through which to develop, in learning by doing mode, skills aimed at promoting the ability to translate their research into entrepreneurial opportunities.

The school will be held at the headquarters of the BINP incubator from 10 to 14 June and is organized over 5 days, from 9:30 to 13:30 and from 14:30 to 18:30 for a total of 40 hours.

Those who complete the entire course will be awarded 4 CFU.

Fondazione NEST is the reference for the extended Partnership for the topic "Energy Scenarios of the Future Line 2a: Green Energy of the Future". The incubator BINP is specialized in the development of high-tech entrepreneurial initiatives and tools for the economic growth and employment of the territory.




Fondazione NEST - Network 4 Energy Sustainable Transition, soggetto attuatore e referente unico per il Partenariato esteso per la tematica “Scenari Energetici del Futuro Linea 2a: Energie Verdi Del Futuro” e l’incubatore del Politecnico di Bari, BINP - Boosting Innovation in Poliba, specializzato nello sviluppo di iniziative imprenditoriali high-tech e in strumenti per la crescita economica e occupazione del territorio, organizzano un percorso di apprendimento dedicato ai dottorandi di qualsiasi settore disciplinare attraverso il quale sviluppare, in modalità learning by doing, competenze finalizzate a favorire la capacità di tradurre le proprie ricerche in opportunità imprenditoriali.

La scuola si terrà presso la sede dell'incubatore BINP dal 10 al 14 giugno ed è organizzata in 5 giornate, dalle 9:30 alle 13:30 e dalla 14:30 alle 18:30 per un totale di 40 ore.

A coloro che completeranno l'intero percorso saranno riconosciuti 4 CFU.


ISCRIZIONI: entro il 31 maggio 2024 -

6 MAY 2024

New scientific article!

Our researchers Elena Crespi, Gionata Luca and Matteo Testi are the author of the scientific article entitled "Renewable hydrogen production through electrolysis: An analysis of the cost gap for its economic competitiveness in Italy" recently published on the International Journal of Hydrogen Energy.

The article focuses on the economic competitiveness of renewable hydrogen production and among the authors there are also H2IT Associazione Italiana idrogeno and the companies A2A Ambiente and SNAM.


With global policies targeting greenhouse gas emission reduction, renewable hydrogen produced by water electrolysis powered with renewable electricity appears a promising alternative to fossil fuels. However, still high capital costs, reliance on intermittent renewable electricity sources, and high electricity cost hinder the economic viability of electrolyzers. This work develops a comprehensive analysis for assessing the need of an incentive to make renewable hydrogen economically viable, identifying different archetypes of electrolysis plant representative of a wide range of applications. A techno-economic optimization model is set up that minimize the average hydrogen production cost and compute the cost gap that makes hydrogen economically competitive with the fossil alternative, defining the optimal size and operation of the plant components while satisfying the hydrogen demand. The model is applied to the Italian case study. Sensitivity analyses investigate the impact of economy of scales, renewable electricity availability and introduction of the emission trading system. Cost gaps ranging between 8.1 €/kg and 29.9 €/kg highlights the need of an incentive to allow the deployment of this technology, thus meeting the hydrogen penetration targets.


Renewable hydrogen; Hydrogen cost; Incentive; Economic assessment; Hydrogen targets

DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2024.04.303

29 APRIL 2024

FBK SE partners in a new project: NHyRA "Pre-Normative Research on Hydrogen Releases Assessment"

By 2050, hydrogen is expected to fulfill over 20% of Europe's and the global energy demand, becoming a crucial element of the energy transition. Yet, there are concerns about fugitive and vented H2 emissions potentially increasing anthropogenic hydrogen levels, indirectly impacting the greenhouse effect. The uncertainty remains about the extent of H2 emissions expected across future hydrogen value chains and their environmental impact. Existing literature offers various scenarios, differing not only in projected H2 demand but also in how this demand is distributed across sectors.

The NHyRA Project (Pre-Normative Research on Hydrogen Releases Assessment) aims to comprehensively assess potential H2 releases throughout the entire hydrogen value chain. Given the main information on the amount of anthropogenic H2 in the atmosphere available in the literature, improving the capability to quantify both small and large releases is critically important. NHYRA will deliver validated methodologies and techniques for measuring or estimating these emissions.

The project is structured around four main macro-activities:

FBK through the Center Sustainable Energy is actively involved in the creation of the hydrogen release inventory, leading the definition of the entire hydrogen supply chain. FBK's role extends to quantifying potential H2 releases across the H2 value chain and evaluating the impact of mitigation strategies at the process level. Additionally, FBK will quantify H2 releases in future hydrogen economy scenarios, highlighting its pivotal role in advancing hydrogen safety and sustainability measures.

More information on the project:

Have a look at the press release: 

17 APRIL 2024

School visit to the battery labs

Last Friday the Center SE hosted two classes of the Liceo Rosmini of Rovereto and gave them a guided tour of the laboratories related to batteries.

The programme of the visit was the following:

09.00 - 10.15 | Introduction on FBK, on the Center SE and focus on the activities of the Battery and Electrification Technologies Unit. The presentation was given by the researcher Mattia Duranti.

10.30 - 11.50 | Laboratory tour by Gloria Gottardi, Emanuele Groiss and Mattia Duranti.

Gloria presented the Cluster, Emanuele the chemical lab and Mattia the battery lab.

The students were divided in 4 groups to visit the three laboratories in turns and receive all the clarifications needed. 

12 APRIL 2024

FBK SE at Alkeemia Battery Forum 2024

These days, Venice is hosting the Alkeemia Battery Forum which is "an open event organized by Alkeemia and reserved for companies and professionals working within the battery and storage ecosystem, with the aim of supporting the European market growth by creating effective connections along the value chain and sharing updates on relevant projects underway."

The Center SE could not miss the opportunity to be there! Our Head of Battery and Electrification Technologies Edoardo Macchi participated in the event and had the opportunity exchange views with people of the sector of the latest innovations and receive top-level technical perspectives.

The company organising the event is ALKEEMIA.

As it is possible to read on their website, "ALKEEMIA is one of Europe’s largest producers of hydrofluoric acid and fluoroderivatives. The company operates through its plants in Porto Marghera (Venice) and Frankfurt, from which major manufacturers operating in the fluoropolymer, refrigerant, pharmaceutical, agrochemical, electronics, metallurgy, fertilizer, construction and other industries are supplied. With its technological expertise and great industrial tradition of respect and responsible development, ALKEEMIA works with quality and reliability alongside its partners to make the products of the future." 

More information on the event: 

2 APRIL 2024

New paper is out!

In the context of the project InCUBE a new paper has been published entitled "Energy Performance Analysis of the Renovation Process in an Italian Cultural Heritage Building". Among the authors there are the FBK-SE researchers Silvia Ricciuti and Diego Viesi. 


Renovating buildings with cultural heritage significance is an important step toward achieving sustainability in our cities. The benefits are not only energy-related but also encompass social aspects that make these renovations a high apriority. The present work investigates the renovation process of a cultural heritage building in the Municipality of Trento in Italy, specifically focusing on achieving energy savings and renewable energy integration by implementing various renovation actions. These renovation actions include improvements to the building envelope, such as roof insulation and window replacements. Additionally, the renovation actions for active systems involve the installation of a ground-source heat pump for heating / cooling coupled with a borehole thermal energy storage system, which is an innovative technology for the renovation of cultural heritage buildings. The electrical systems of the building are upgraded through the addition of standard rooftop photovoltaics, innovative building-integrated photovoltaics (shingles), and the installation of an LED lighting system. The baseline and the renovation scenarios are studied using the dynamic simulation tool INTEMA.building, written in the programming language Modelica. This tool simulates both the building envelope and the energy systems with a high level of detail, using advanced control systems and adjustable time steps. According to the simulation analysis, the primary energy demand is reduced by 30.49%, the final energy demand by 36.74%, and the net electricity demand by 8.72%. Results from this study can be useful to interested stakeholders (e.g., building owners, architects, construction companies, public agents, and urban planners) dealing with the renovation of cultural heritage and protected buildings. Also, the results can be exploited for estimating energy savings by applying advanced renovation strategies for cultural heritage buildings.

DOI: 10.3390/su16072784

Citation: Ziozas, N.; Kitsopoulou, A.; Bellos, E.; Iliadis, P.; Gonidaki, D.; Angelakoglou, K.; Nikolopoulos, N.; Ricciuti, S.; Viesi, D. (2024). Energy Performance Analysis of the Renovation Process in an Italian Cultural Heritage Building. Sustainability 2024, 16, 2784.

Read the article in Open Access here: 

28 MARCH 2024

Riva del Garda plans the district heating of the future: a workshop to present the new European project USES4HEAT

How to create the district heating of the future between efficiency, sustainability and flexibility? This is the question that the 12 speakers and around 100 participants asked themselves at the workshop organized by Alto Garda Servizi, Cartiere del Garda and Alto Garda Power within the new European project USES4HEAT at Riva del Garda.

The workshop addressed various topics of interest, including technological innovations in the district heating sector, strategies to increase energy efficiency, sustainable approaches for the production and distribution of thermal energy as well as the role of renewable energies in the future of district heating. Industry experts, institutional representatives and local stakeholders participated in the event, sharing their experiences and perspectives to outline an increasingly sustainable and cutting-edge future in the field of district heating.

The workshop illustrated the general characteristics of the USES4HEAT project, started in December 2023 for a duration of 4 years. The project will develop two units for the seasonal storage of thermal energy in an underground environment (Borehole Thermal Energy Storage - BTES and Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage - ATES) at two demonstrator sites (Oslo in Norway and Riva del Garda in Italy). The two units will be connected to large-scale district heating networks capable of accumulating various sustainable heat sources.

8 project partners will be active in the area of Riva del Garda (4.1 M€ budget of which 3 M€ of EU funding): Fondazione Bruno Kessler, Cartiere del Garda, Alto Garda Power, Alto Garda Servizi, Hydra, Hiref, Endef, Energenius. The goal is to integrate four different innovative technologies:


The event was introduced by a welcome speech from Ruggero Moser, General Director of Alto Garda Servizi (AGS), and Stefano Cenedese, Technical Director at Cartiere del Garda (CDG) and Alto Garda Power (AGP).

It is a pleasure to open this event - underlined Ruggero Moser - which means bringing innovation in the energy sector to Riva del Garda through the use of European resources, with a green project in line with the directives, linked to the storage of energy that is produced in excess in certain periods of the year. This energy is functional to the business activity of the three local companies involved in the project, Alto Garda Servizi, Cartiere del Garda and Alto Garda Power. It is equally a pleasure to have the presence at this event of national and European bodies and companies, innovative in the district heating sector, as well as technical firms, universities and many professionals.

Alto Garda Power was founded in 2006 - explained Stefano Cenedese - and is 80% controlled by Cartiere del Garda and 20% by Alto Garda Servizi. The aim of this company was immediately to create and manage a new cogeneration plant capable of satisfying the thermal and electrical needs of its shareholders. Precisely in that period, a new European cutting-edge electric and thermal cogeneration system was created with an efficiency increased from 71% to 85%, connected with the new Riva del Garda district heating system. Now, almost 20 years later, the challenge is to further increase efficiency, sustainability and flexibility, fundamental ingredients to guarantee competitiveness for local businesses. A project promoted at a local level by the Bruno Kessler Foundation, through the Sustainable Energy Center, which has proven particularly attentive in supporting the Trentino area with its excellence and potential, networking with other important national and European research and business entities.

The first presentations of the workshop were dedicated to the local context which was presented by Aldo Bronzini (Technical Director of AGS) regarding the district heating of Riva del Garda and by Luciano Lucchi (Energy and Cogeneration Manager of CDG and AGP) for the power cogeneration plant of Alto Garda Power. Diego Viesi, FBK researcher and local scientific manager, presented the USES4HEAT project, while Gianfranco Bazzoli and Carlo Piemonte illustrated the geological and engineering design activities at Riva del Garda respectively.

The activities of the USES4HEAT project were then inserted into a broader framework linked to the energy transition in the district heating sector (Lorenzo Spadoni, AIRU President), to the potential of geothermal energy (Bruno Della Vedova, UGI President) and to research at a European level (Gabriele Fish, Euroheat & Power).

Finally, multiple case studies were presented including the "Montegrotto Geothermal District Heating Project" (Jacopo Vivian, UNIPD Researcher), "Practical experiences of integrating geothermal energy and heat pumps in district heating in Italy and Europe" (Carlo Piemonte, SAI Associate Engineering Studio), "State of the art of Low, Medium and High Temperature ATES in the Netherlands" (Bas Godschalk, IF Technology) and "Study of the ATES potential in Italy, modeling and guidelines" (Gabriela Squarzoni, Researcher RSE).


Alice Pesarin

+39 3477067069 

Read the entire press release in Italian: at this link.

27 MARCH 2024

The meeting of the Zero Carbon Community in FBK

The PNRR has allocated over 3 billion euros to promote the production, distribution and use of hydrogen, considered a fundamental component for the energy transition process. Many of these funds were allocated during 2023, raising the awareness of the need for a national strategy capable of combining decarbonisation objectives with a clear vision of industrial development around this vector.

Yesterday, 27 March 2024, the Partners of the Zero Carbon Community of The European House - Ambrosetti met in Trento with the various public and private stakeholders,  to stimulate a concrete debate about the critical success factors for the birth of a national hydrogen supply chain.

During the meeting, the state of the art of hydrogen in Italy and results achieved during the first year of activity of the Zero Carbon Community were presented and themes and stages of the 2024 path was launched.

The meeting has also been the opportunity to discuss the strategies through which to promote industrial initiatives around the development of hydrogen valleys with a focus on the opportunities offered to companies by the ecosystem of the Autonomous Province of Trento.

Among the speakers, there was Luigi Crema - Director of the Center and Vice-President of H2IT, and Matteo Testi - Head of HyRES Unit.

Luigi spoke about the "Political and regulatory conditions for the development of a market for hydrogen applications in Italy" while Matteo Testi presented the activities and  the future steps of the Center SE.

Among the speakers: 

Check the agenda and presentations at this link: 

26 MARCH 2024

The Center SE at the first European PhD Hydrogen Conference!

The first edition of the European PhD Hydrogen Conference (EPHyC) recently concluded!

The conference is aimed solely at EU-based PhD researchers working on a hydrogen-related research topic, and provides a nurturing environment for early-stage researchers to grow, learn and establish their academic presence. 

The event was organized by BE-HyFE and Hydrogen Europe Research and  took place from 20 till 22 March 2024 in Ghent (Belgium).

EPHyC gathered together over 160 Ph.D. students to unveil the future of hydrogen technology. Among them, there was also Giulia di Gregorio.

"My PhD project focuses on the development of novel platinum-group metal-free electrocatalyst materials for anion exchange membrane water electrolysis (AEMWE)" explains Giulia di Gregorio, PhD student at the Center for Sustainable Energy of FBK. 

Giulia gave the presentation "Radio Frequency Sputtering deposition of MoS2 electrocatalyst thin films for Anion Exchange Membrane Water Electrolysis" where she outlined a one-step method for fabricating ionomer-free MoS2 electrocatalysts onto graphite laminate substrates using radio frequency sputtering. A preliminary ex-situ screening of the functional properties was conducted to evaluate the influence of sputtering operating parameters, using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), X-ray Diffraction (XRD), and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). The as-sputtered samples were integrated into a 25 cm2 AEMWE cell setup as cathode electrodes, alongside commercial anodes and anion exchange membranes. Under optimal sputtering conditions, the obtained current density values were comparable to those achieved with benchmark materials. This highlights the potential of radio frequency sputtering for tailoring the physicochemical and electrochemical properties of electrocatalysts, thus contributing to the advancement of AEMWE technology.

Luigi Crema as President of HER made the keynote welcoming speech, in collaboration with Marijke Mahieu, Project coordinator BE-HyFE.

More information on the event: 

25 MARCH 2024

Eleonora Cordioli speaks about Hydrogen mobility at the 2024 National Ski Championships of Engineers and Architects

Last week the 2024 National Ski Championships of Engineers and Architects were held in Corvara in Badia. The event was organized by the Order of Engineers of the Autonomous Province of Bolzano, the Order of Engineers of the Province of Trento, the Order of Architects PPC Bolzano and the Trento Order of Architects with the support of the National Council of Engineers and the National Council of Landscape Architects, Designers, Landscape Architects and Conservators.

Numerous engineers and architects from all over Italy participated in the event. Fundamental part of the initiativa has been the conference "Mobility and sustainable construction in mountain areas".

Our researcher Eleonora Cordioli was invited as speaker during the conference and presented the opportunities and challenges of hydrogen in the sector, with the speech "Hydrogen mobility in the Alpine context: technologies, opportunities and barriers". With her presentation, the researcher illustrated the state of the art of hydrogen applications and the initiatives in the Alpine mobility sector, and therefore the possibilities of integrating hydrogen in mountain areas and the priorities to be managed.

Among the initiatives mentioned, also the AMETHyST project, which aims to define the role of hydrogen in the Alpine context, share best practices and support the development of policies and strategies for the creation of hydrogen-based ecosystems at Alpine level.

More information on the event, at this link.



La scorsa settimana a Corvara in Badia si sono tenuti i Campionati Nazionali di Sci degli Ingegneri e degli Architetti 2024, organizzati dall'Ordine degli Ingegneri della Provincia Autonoma di Bolzano, l'Ordine degli Ingegneri della Provincia di Trento, l'Ordine Architetti PPC Bolzano e l'Ordine Architetti Trento con il patrocinio di Consiglio Nazionale degli Ingegneri e Consiglio Nazionale Architetti Pianificatori Paesaggisti e Conservatori

Numerosi ingegneri e architetti da tutta Italia hanno partecipato all'evento. In questo contesto ha preso luogo il  convegno "Mobilità e costruzioni sostenibili nelle zone montane". 

Tra i relatori era presente anche Eleonora Cordioli, ricercatrice del Centro Sustainable Energy della Fondazione Bruno Kessler, che ha presentato le opportunità e le sfide dell'idrogeno nel settore, con l'intervento "Mobilità a idrogeno nel contesto alpino: tecnologie, opportunità e barriere". Con la sua presentazione la ricercatrice ha illustrato lo stato dell'arte delle applicazioni a idrogeno e le iniziative nel settore della mobilità alpina, e quindi le possibilità di integrazione dell'idrogeno in territori montani e le priorità da gestire. 

Tra le iniziative menzionate, anche il progetto AMETHyST, che mira a definire il ruolo dell'idrogeno nel contesto alpino, condividere best practice e supportare lo sviluppo di policy e strategie per la creazione di ecosistemi basati sull'idrogeno a livello alpino.

Maggiori informazioni, at this link.


19 MARCH 2024


A new scientific article has been published!

The work is entitled "Modelling of the leaching process by the extended quadrature method of moments"  and has been written by Mohsen Shiea - researcher of the Battery and Electrification Technologies (BET) Unit at the Center SE - with Luigi Crema and Edoardo Gino Macchi.


An approach based on the extended quadrature method of moments (EQMOM) has been developed to solve the population balance equation written for the evolution of shrinking-core particles in transient leaching processes. It has been shown that the EQMOM can naturally address the dependency of the shrinkage-core model on the unreacted core size and outer size of particles. The approach has been validated by comparing its predictions with either analytical or reference solutions for several test cases. Moreover, the approach has been employed to simulate an experimental leaching process taken from the literature. The obtained results confirm the significance of considering the particle size distribution in the simulation of the leaching process, hence the importance of solution methods such as that presented in this work. Finally, it has been shown that the proposed approach is also useful for the simulation of the dissolution process with shrinking particles.


Have a look at the article here: 

18 MARCH 2024


Last week, on the 13th and 14th of March 2024, CINEA - European Climate, Infrastructure and Environment Executive Agency organised the LIFE-CET Energy Communities Contractor’s Meeting.

Cinzia Morisco, researcher at the Center SE of FBK and Coordinator of the ECOEMPOWER project was in Brussels to participate in the event to foster collaboration and synergies between European project working on Energy Communities.

A lot of interesting discussions sparkled between projects and with CINEA on the energy systems of the future and how to support this transition in the best way through our projects.

The meeting was an opportunity for our on-going projects dealing with energy communities to get to know each other and identify cooperation opportunities. Several discussions happened on subjects related energy communities such as financing, One Stop Shops, capacity building and energy poverty. CINEA members, project referents and EU policy officers animated the discussions to understand how to provide the best support to the growing and active number of energy communities in Europe.  

In addition, the participation of relevant policy officers from different DGs provided the opportunity to carry out exchanges on policy recommendations and reflect on future needs. 

More information on the project: 

15 MARCH 2024

FBK at EHEC 2024

After the great success of the EHEC 2022 with over 1100 attendees and 200 + speakers from across the entire hydrogen value chain, the event took place again last week. 

From the 6th to 8th of March 2024, Bilbao (Spain) hosted EHEC, the European Hydrogen Energy Conference 2024 and the Center for Sustainable Energy could not miss the opportunity to participate!

Luca Pratticò, researcher at the Center for Sustainable Energy at Fondazione Bruno Kessler, presented the work entitled “From direct use of ammonia in solid oxide fuel cells to the next generation of ammonia fuel cell systems“, in the cotext of AMON Project

In its presentation, Luca the objectives and results of AMON and updated the audience about the activities implemented and the progress achieved so far, as well as the next steps and expected impact.

Hossein Namdar, PhD student at the Center SE, also participated in the event presenting the work "Investigating PEMWE commercial membrane performance using argon-oxygen plasma and ALD-TiO2 technology".

As reported in the website: “The European Hydrogen Energy Conference (EHEC) is Europe’s conference of reference in the hydrogen sector. Hosted every two years, EHEC is organized by the Spanish Hydrogen Association (AeH2) and brings together experts, researchers, and industry leaders in the field of hydrogen, providing a platform for sharing the latest advances, innovations, and developments in hydrogen-based technologies.

With a focus on promoting sustainable and clean energy solutions, EHEC seeks to play a crucial role in advancing the adoption of hydrogen as a clean energy source across Europe and the world."

More information on the agenda at this link:   

1 MARCH 2024


The online journal Watergas interviewed Director Luigi Crema.

After a year as President of Hydrogen Europe Research (HER), Luigi Crema takes stock of the situation and outlines future objectives.

In this interview given to Watergas, Crema - who is also vice president of the Italian Hydrogen Association - H2IT - underlines the importance of HER's role in shaping European research policies on hydrogen, highlighting the involvement in the Clean Hydrogen Governing Board Partnership and commitment to the adoption of innovative strategies.

In particular, Crema illustrates the launch of two new working groups within HER, focused on advanced research and technological infrastructures, highlighting the intention to promote transversal collaborations to address the challenges of the sector.

Looking to the future, the president identifies advanced hydrogen technologies, such as new materials and electrochemical processes, and highlights the key role of research in the industry, proposing collaboration to accelerate innovation and reduce development times.

In this interview, Crema finally expresses confidence in the Italian potential and says he is satisfied with the working groups recently activated by MASE to create a national strategic plan for hydrogen, even if he underlines that "resources are needed" to develop a market framework that allows to attract investments.

Read the entire article in Italian: 

22 FEBRUARY 2024


The SMHYLES project, coordinated by FBK is funded by the EU under Horizon Europe with around €6 million for a period of four years from January 2024 on.

One of the greatest challenges of the 21st century is the transition to climate-neutral energy sources. Here, reliable energy storage plays a key role, as production and load peaks in the electricity grid require flexible storage systems that can be used for a wide range of applications. The recently launched EU project SMHYLES aims to develop innovative, sustainable, and safe salt- and/or water-based hybrid energy storage systems. These combine two storage technologies and their respective advantages: long duration capacity and high power density. The new low-CRM (critical raw materials) systems will also contribute to Europe’s energy independence. The SMHYLES project, coordinated by the “Fondazione Bruno Kessler” (Italy), is funded by the EU under Horizon Europe with around €6 million for a period of four years from January 2024 on. The consortium includes 16 partners from seven countries.

Each storage technology has technical and economic characteristics that are ideally suited for a specific application. These characteristics include, for example, energy and power density, reaction time, environmental sustainability, and safety. Redox flow and salt batteries have a large storage capacity but can only be charged and discharged slowly. A supercapacitor, on the other hand, has fast charging times but cannot store large energy quantities over a long period of time. Only the efficient combination of both functionalities provides the necessary performance and flexibility in use.

Modern energy storage systems need to guarantee security of supply, performance and safety, have flexible management software and be manufactured and operated in the most sustainable and environmentally friendly way possible,” explains SMHYLES coordinator Edoardo G. Macchi, Head of Battery and Electrification Technologies Unit at the Fondazione Bruno Kessler in Trento, Italy. 

The central goal of the SMHYLES project is to develop and demonstrate such innovative, safe, and sustainable hybrid energy storage systems on an industrial scale. [...] In SMHYLES, a water-based supercapacitor and, either a redox flow battery or a salt battery, are to be combined to create innovative hybrid energy storage systems. During the second half of the project, various use cases will be trialled for 12 months in the three pilot plants in Portugal and Germany [...].

Fondazione Bruno Kessler, through the Center for Sustainable Energy, will be the Project Coordinator and also a work package leader, where it will be responsible for the development of new digital tools. These will be used to support techno-economic analyses on the sizing of the aqueous-based and salt-based hybrid energy storage systems (HESSs) and the optimization of control strategies and operations. In this work package, FBK will also supervise the identification of the most promising use and business cases for the proposed hybrid systems along with the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA).

We are really proud to coordinate SMHYLES project. It is for us an important initiative to scale up and implement in several EU territories hybrid energy storage solutions. This is developing further the concept of a specific technology and looking for the best integration approach for end use applications, following their specific requirements. This is indeed a general approach we are favouring and supporting, trying to develop more integrated solutions and going beyond the technology silos approach” states Luigi Crema, Director of FBK’s Center of Sustainable Energy.

Read the full press release in English: 

Read the press release in Italian: 

14 FEBRUARY 2024


The kick-off meeting of the Horizon Europe project Hy-SPIRE “Hydrogen production by innovative solid oxide cell for flexible operation at intermediate temperature” was held in Warsaw on 8-9 February 2024, hosted by coordinator – the Institute of Power Engineering – National Research Institute (IPE-NRI).

According to long-term goals of EU, green hydrogen produced using renewable energy sources will become an energy vector for decarbonisation of the EU economy, in particular the hard-to-abate industry and transport sectors. 

Water electrolysis is the most well-known technique used for zero-emission production of hydrogen and the technology of solid oxide electrolysers (SOEL) can become a key technological advantage for EU to become a world leader in hydrogen economy. 

What is the aim of the Hy-SPIRE project?

The overarching objective of Hy-SPIRE project is to further boost the potential of SOEL by lowering the operating temperature below 700°C and increasing its flexibility in order to match the profiles of electricity generation in renewable energy sources (RES). 

Through the development and application of new materials, advanced manufacturing techniques and optimized cell as well as compact stack designs, the project focuses on the creation of novel oxygen ion- and proton-conducting cells (O-SOE and P-SOE, respectively) on both, ceramic and metallic supports. Among the key goals of the Hy-SPIRE a low degradation equal to or lower than 0.75% per 1,000 h, operation at high current densities ca. 1.2 A/cm2 and ability to operate dynamically and fast ramping, can be listed. 

Furthermore, the technoeconomic analysis with the support of life cycle assessment (LCA) will be used for the evaluation of project novelties and the market potential, as well as the definition of barriers and research directions to achieve the objectives of the Strategic Research and Innovation Agenda. This, among others, includes the reduction of hydrogen production cost to 3 €/kg by 2030, reduction of CAPEX 520 €/(kg/kW) and OPEX 45 €/(kg/kW).

These goals will be reached thanks to the collaboration of the consortium coordinated by the  Institute of Power Engineering – National Research Institute (Poland). The partners of the project are prominent research institutes such as Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale De Lausanne (Switzerland), German Aerospace Center (Germany), Fondazione Bruno Kessler through the Centre for Sustainable Energy (Italy),  Fundació Institut de Recerca en Energia de Catalunya a (Spain), Technical University of Denmark (Denmark), and one of the key European supplier of solid oxide cell electrolysers SolydEra (Italy).

Fondazione Bruno Kessler, through the Center for Sustainable Energy, will lead the Work Package 4, therefore managing the activities of communication, dissemination and exploitation, and providing a techno-economic analyses supported by life cycle assessment (LCA) addressing the recycling and end-of-life scenarios for the developed technology. FBK will also be in charge of the testing of the stack and the development of dedicated protocols and procedures for the testing activity on novel SOE stack based on metal and electrode supported cells.

The HyRES unit of the Center for Sustainable Energy is honoured to participate in the Hy-SPIRE project” states Matteo Testi – Head of Hydrogen technologies and Resilient Energy Systems Unit. “HyRES will provide expertise and perform activities for Work Package 3 concerning the test of the short-stack solution developed in the project, and in Work Package 4, managing communication, dissemination, and exploitation efforts, including the techno-economic analysis of the iconic and proton cell solutions, providing valuable insights into the market potential and sustainability of these technologies.

FBK, through the Center for Sustainable Energy, is proud to participate and support Hy-SPIRE project. FBK-SE is preparing to support the hydrogen sector and be a key stakeholder for industrial players in the next future” states Luigi Crema – Director of the Center Sustainable Energy of FBK. “Hydrogen is part of the political agenda, a market framework is under development but, in any case, and even more it is necessary to support research and innovation on actual and next generation hydrogen technologies, to keep Europe in the forefront of the global hydrogen competition”.

Read the full press release in English: 

Read the press release in Italian: 

12 FEBRUARY 2024

FBK at the Clean Hydrogen Partnership Info Days

Last 8th of February 2024, Luigi Crema and Luca Prattico’ were in Rome at the Info Day of the Clean Hydrogen Partnership that took place at the Congress Center of Rome, Italy. 

The Clean Hydrogen Partnership is the public-private financing program established with the aim of contributing to fostering the transition towards a clean hydrogen economy.

As it is possible to read on the event poster, the tender was opened on January 17, and a total of €113.5 million will be made available through Horizon Europe for projects covering research and innovation activities along the entire hydrogen value chain. An additional amount of 60 millions of euros (from the RePowerEU plan budget) will be used to support various activities including the creation and management of a “Hydrogen Valleys Facility” to increase the number of valleys of hydrogen in Europe.

ENEA and H2IT organized this national event to present the 2024 Call, addressed to all public and private entities interested in participating in thetender: Universities, public and private research centres, small businesses and large industry.

In his role of President of Hydrogen Europe Research, Luigi Crema gave an overview of the European associations members of the Clean Hydrogen Partnership.

The researcher Luca Pratticò presented AMON Project which was among the success stories invited to the event to provide suggestions for submitting competitive proposals. 

More information at this link: 

06 FEBRUARY 2024


In these days, the green hydrogen roadshow is taking place in four districts of the Mantova territories. The event is organised by Confindustria Mantova and wishes to present the "Mantua model" in order to raise the awareness on the potential of the green hydrogen for the industrial districts and the entire territory. 

The project HYMANTOVALLEY represents an represents an ambitious collaborative effort aimed at creating a Hydrogen Valley in the province of Mantua, Italy" outlines Matteo Testi - Head of the Hydrogen Technologies and Resilien Energy System Unit. 

With a total investment of around 9 million euros, co-financed by the European Union through various programmes including the Interregional Innovation Investments Instrument (I3), the project aims to demonstrate the possibility of local decarbonisation in a of the most polluted regions in Europe, the Po Valley.

"FBK is happy to participate in this new growth opportunity in the H2 sector, located in a context with a high multimodality potential that will be able to optimize the management and economic aspects of hydrogen" continues Matteo Testi.

This integrated ecosystem is based on the river port of Valdaro, a logistics platform and a three-modal transport system (inland water, rail, road) to make the most of the strategic position of the site. The project aims to produce more than 1,500 tonnes of green hydrogen per year from renewable sources, reducing CO2 emissions by more than 14,000 tonnes per year.

The project involves 16 partners from 4 European countries: Italy, Austria, The Netherlands and Belgium. Among the partners there are public institutions such as the Province of Mantua, companies specialized in energy management such as AGIRE and SAPIO Srl, prestigious universities such as the Polytechnic of Milan and the Bruno Kessler Foundation, and other key organizations in the sector.

Fondazione Bruno Kessler - through the Center for Sustainable Energy - will participate in HYMANTOVALLEY with several activities such as the techno-economic assessment of the H2 transport solutions to be adopetd in the context of the hydrogen valley. The Center will also coordinate the activities connected to the business case definition and will participate in the definition of a R&D hub that will be created within the valley. 

Read more about the roadshow here (article in Italian - press release of Confindustria Mantova)

Read more about the kick-off meeting here (article in Italian - Gazzetta di Mantova)

25 JANUARY, 2024

Luigi Crema invited as speaker at EIGA Winter Summit 2024

In these days, Antwerp hosted the event EIGA Winter Summit 2024 – Enabling Hydrogen together! 

The European Industrial Gases Association (EIGA) is a "safety and technically oriented organisation representing the vast majority of European and also non-European companies producing and distributing industrial, medical and food gases". 

The event was divided in 5 "steps" in order to allow participants to embark on a journey to discover, aware, understand, believe and act on the present and future of hydrogen, with the leading voice in safety, health and environmental care in the handling of industrial gases in Europe."

Luigi Crema, Director of the Center SE and President of HER, participated in the Undestand session, with the speech entitled The perspective of hydrogen in the field of energy storage.

More information on: 

23 JANUARY, 2024

New report on "Green Hydrogen in the Alps. Identification of needs and targets for the deployment of green H2 solutions with a focus on touristic uses"

Within the Interreg Alpine Space AMETHyST project, Eleonora Cordioli and Jacopo de Maigret - researchers of the Center Sustainable Energy - developed a report entitled "Green Hydrogen in the Alps. Identification of needs and targets for the deployment of green H2 solutions with a focus on touristic uses".

The document dives into the heart of sustainable energy innovation through the exploration of hydrogen solutions, with a special focus on transforming the Alps into a hub of green excellence.

The report reviews the state-of-the-art of hydrogen solutions, with a focus on touristic uses in the Alpine regions, gathering insights from local stakeholders, identifying the barriers to and the solutions for the development of local Alpine hydrogen ecosystems, and uncovering the immense potential of hydrogen.

What is the purpose of the document?

The objective is twofold. Firstly, the study aims to map the level of interest and commitment of local communities and authorities in pursuing higher sustainable development objectives. Secondly, it seeks to identify their specific needs for the implementation of hydrogen-based pilot initiatives. The analysis is intended to outline the role of hydrogen in the Alpine territories, informing and sharing knowledge among local stakeholders, thus paving the way to the creation of Alpine hydrogen ecosystems.

Have a look at the report, at this link

More information on the project here.

AMETHyST supports the deployment of Alpine green H2 ecosystems for a post-carbon future in the Alps. It reinforces the role of public authorities by increasing their capacity, designing support services to roll out green H2 solutions. This is done through 6  pilot territories in 5 countries which work together to implement the most appropriate solutions and test the ecosystem models.

23 JANUARY, 2024

Gionata Luca invited as key note speaker at the Sri Lankan-Italian Forum on Green Hydrogen

Charting the Future of Green Fuels Bunkering at Trincomalee Port is the title of the Sri Lanka Hydrogen and Green Fuels Forum 2024, which took place last Thursday 18 January 2024 and was organised by the Ceylon Italy Blue Economy Association (CIBEA) and supported by the Sri Lankan Ministries and by the Italian Embassy in Sri Lanka.

As outlined by Vittorio Coco, President of CIBEA, "l'evento mira a generare attenzione ed interesse per una audience italiana ed internazionale qualificata di investitori, fornitori, autorità governative, operatori nel settore dei servizi ed imprese anche piccole e medie sull'opportunità di partecipare direttamente alla catena del valore dell'idrogeno e derivati verdi nell'Oceano Indiano [The conference aims to generate interest in the opportunity of actively participating in the Indian Ocean value chain of hydrogen and green fuels. The event addresses an Italian and international audience of investors, suppliers, policy-makers. service providers and companies].

Gionata Luca, researcher of the FBK Center for Sustainable Energy, presented the Key Note speech on the topics of costs behind the Italian green hydrogen supply chain. In particular, the researcher focused on the production costs of the green hydrogen, the cost gap with the reference fuel to be substituted (grey hydrogen for industries, natural gas for heating and diesel for mobility), and the strategies to reduce these costs. 

In his speech, Gionata presented some results of a research work done within the HyRES Unit of FBK-SE to evaluate possible incentives that can fill the cost gap with the reference fuel and launch the green hydrogen market. 

What are the strategies presented to reduce the green hydrogen production costs?

Read more here: 

22 JANUARY, 2024

USES4HEAT site visit at the cogeneration plant of Alto Garda Power and Cartiere Riva del Garda

On January 16, 2024, Diego Viesi, Masoud Manafi, Silvia Ricciuti and Francesco Ghionda - researchers of the Sustainable Energy Center of FBK - participated in the first site visit of USES4HEAT Project.

The visit took place in Riva del Garda, at the cogeneration plant of Alto Garda Power which is connected to Cartiere del Garda and the district heating of Riva del Garda.

The objective of this visit was to show the current state of art of the demo site of the project to the  partners that will be involved in the local activities: Fondazione Bruno KesslerAlto Garda Power S.r.l., Cartiere del Garda S.p.A., Alto Garda Servizi S.p.A., HYDRA S.r.l., HiRef S.p.A., Endef Engineering, Energenius S.r.l., Università degli Studi di Genova.

The fist analysis to the engineering and geological challenges have been launched in orde to find the optimal integration in the innovative solutions that will be creatd for the Italian demo site: 

More information on the project: 

18 JANUARY, 2024

Gloria Gottardi nominated member of the PSE 2024 Advisory Board

This year again PSE will take place the first week of September, in Erfurt (Germany). The 19th International Conference on Plasma Surface Engineering is the established Conference for plasma and ion surface engineering. 

PSE Conferences are established since 1988. The event provides opportunities to present recent progress in research, development and industrial applications. Its topics span a wide range from fundamentals such as e. g., process modelling and simulations of plasmas or thin film physics, through experimental studies which establish the relationships between process parameters and the structural and functional properties of modified surfaces and/or thin films, towards applications in industrial production.

PSE Conferences are organized by the European Joint Committee on Plasma and Ion Surface Engineering

Conference Topics of PSE2024

Important Deadlines

Abstract Submission Deadline: January 31, 2024

PSE Award 2024 Proposals: January 31, 2024

In parallel, an exhibition is also organised. It is an important part of the conference and provides opportunities to stay informed about new developments as well as innovative products and services, discuss new ideas and cooperations with the experts and gives time to take care of customers. Exhibitors use the chance to present their products and services to the community with growing interest. In this exhibition you find providers of coating systems, components, equipment, materials, vacuum and plasma technologies, analytical measurement instruments, simulation tools, products for process automation and coating services. The exhibition will take place from September 3 – 4, 2024.

More information on the conference:

Information package, at this link

16 JANUARY, 2024

Director Luigi Crema at the 30th Anniversary of BM Group Holding "Inspiring Innovation"

BM Group Holding started the new year with the celebration of its 30th Anniversary. 

For this occasion, the company organised the Convention Inspiring innovation: BM Group per la transizione tecnologica ed energetica dell’industria with three roundtables. The first on the integration of renewable energies to decarbonise industries, the second on the energy challenge of green hydrogen and the third on th Industry 5.0, with the human as main actor of the digital transition. The fil-rouge of the event was the industry decarbonisation through renewable energies and digital transition. 

Luigi Crema, Director of the Sustainable Energy Centre of the Fondazione Bruno Kessler - FBK and President of Hydrogen Europe Research was invited as panelist in the round table "Energy challenge of green hydrogen. 

The panel, moderated by Filippo Astone - Industria Italiana Magazine, saw the participation of Luca Gnali (Executive Board of Iniziative Bresciane and founding partner of CreaConsulting), Paolo Argenta (Executive Vice President, Tenova Metals) and Luca Mion (CEO of HYDROALP).

"To achieve the objectives of decarbonization, a well-developed path is needed. It is not enough to introduce renewables; we need a secure supply of energy, and this requires the integration of energy carriers that allow storage and high density. And one of these energy carriers is hydrogen", as explained by Luigi Crema. "After all, the European Union's objective is to consume 20 million additional tons of hydrogen compared to the current level by 2030. A European Hydrogen Bank has been created, and it is believed that, when hydrogen reaches 3 euros per kg of production cost, it will be ready to replace methane, in addition to fossil fuels used in mobility".

Source: Industria Italiana Magazine | HydroAlp

Read more about the event: